In this set of activities adaptable for grades K-3, parents and educators will find ideas for teaching about equivalent fractions. These activities are designed to complement the BrainPOP Jr. Equivalent Fractions topic page, which includes a movie, quizzes, online games, printable activities, and more.
Classroom Activities for Teaching Equivalent Fractions
Explore equivalent fractions for one-half. Have students represent different fractions by drawing pictures or building models. Encourage them to be creative! Then have students share their work with the class and have fellow students name the fraction that is being represented. You can repeat the activity with one-fourth or one-third.
Have the class play a game of “Musical Chairs” and go over the fraction of students sitting and standing at the end of each round. For example, if at the end of a round, five students are seated and five are left standing, then five-tenths of the students are standing. What fraction is that equivalent to?
If possible, go on a picnic together. Invite students to bring whole sandwiches, celery sticks, carrot sticks, etc. Then have some students divide their sandwiches into eighths. Have them put half their sandwich on a different plate. What fraction was put on a different plate? Have the whole class draw pictures, take notes, and write the fraction. You can repeat the activity with students who divide their sandwiches or snacks into sixths and put one-third on a separate plate.
Family and Homeschool Activities for Teaching Equivalent Fractions
Together with your child, draw pies, cakes, or pizzas on paper plates. Then divide and cut the pies into fourths, sixths, eighths, tenths, twelfths, and so on. Present a plate to your child and have him or her take away slices of the pie to represent a certain fraction. For example, you might start with a plate divided into eighths and tell your child to take one-fourth of the slices. What equivalent fraction represents one-fourth of the pie? Then have your child instruct you to take a fraction of the pie. Be sure to make a “mistake” so your child can correct you.
Write pairs of equivalent fractions on separate index cards. Then have your child draw pictures to represent the fractions. Together, play a game of memory and match up the fractions with pictures of fractions: turn all the cards face side down and take turns flipping them over to find matches. You could also have your child draw more fractional amounts and play a game of memory to find equivalent fractions. Do the pictures of ¼ and 4/8 match? Talk with your child about how he or she can tell.