In this set of activities adaptable for grades K-3, parents and educators will find ideas for teaching about types of sentences, such as exclamatory, questions, and declarative sentences. These activities are designed to complement the BrainPOP Jr. Types of Sentences topic page, which includes a movie, quizzes, online games, printable activities, and more.
Classroom Activities for Teaching Types of Sentences
Together watch or read an interview together. Review with your children that in an interview someone asks questions and the other person responds with an answer. The questions can be serious or they can be light-hearted and silly. Group students into pairs and have each person write down a list of questions he or she would like to ask the partner. Encourage your students to start their questions with words other than who, what, where, when, why, how or do. You may want to give a list of starting words on the board for their questions. Then have partners ask each other the questions and write down their answers. Remind your students to capitalize the first letter of the sentence and use the correct end punctuation. Pairs may wish to swap papers and proofread each other’s work.
Review with your students that a command is a direction or an order to do something. Have a student write a command to do something in the classroom. Remind the student to “say please.” Have the student share his or her command with the class or write it on the board, making sure to use proper capitalization and punctuation. Then ask a volunteer to follow the command. Continue this process until everyone in the class has a chance to write and follow a command.
Remind your children that an exclamation is a sentence that shares a strong feeling, such as happiness, anger, or surprise. Stage a mock surprise party and have students write an exclamation about how they feel, such as “Wow!” or “I’m excited!” Students can write their sentences on the board and use proper capitalization and punctuation. Then take one student’s exclamation and turn it into a statement by replacing the exclamation mark with a period. How does this change the sentence? How does the feeling expressed in the sentence change? Discuss with your students how punctuation can change the message of a sentence.
Family and Homeschool Activities for Teaching Types of Sentences
Read different books, short stories, cookbooks, and newspaper and magazine articles together. Have your child find different types of sentences such as statements, questions, exclamations, and commands in each text. Which kind of writing has more statements? Which kind of writing contains more exclamations? Where is the best place to find commands? Help your child understand that different types of sentences serve different purposes in writing.
So Many Questions
As a fun activity, have a discussion with your child using only questions or exclamations. Pick an activity to do together, such as playing in the park or playing a board game, and use only one type of sentence in your conversation. Challenge your child to come up with creative questions or exclamations and write them down together. Remind your child to use capitalization and the proper punctuation mark. Then discuss how difficult it was to have a discussion using only one type of sentence.